Turkey is headed towards the east.
In the recent Turkish constitutional referendum, the side to change Turkey’s government into a presidential system won the vote. If implemented, Turkey would no longer be a parliamentary government. What does this mean in the global scale? Well it is difficult to tell for sure, but it would likely be that Turkey will move towards a path of more political uncertainty and isolation.
President Erdogan’s goal of pushing a more nationalist neo-Ottoman agenda has led to much conflict between left-liberals and supporters of Erdogan. After much unrest following a attempted coup by members of the military in late 2016, Erdogan has chosen to push for an expansion of executive powers to counter his opposition.
In the current parliamentary system, executive power is limited by the parliament, who drafts legislation and selects most of the executive. The new presidential system that may soon be adopted ends this process, expanding the power of the executive, even granting powers to the president to issue decrees, which have been known to be abused by many world leaders in the past such as former prime minister of India, Indira Gandhi.
This means that more of the decision making process in Turkey will rest with the president, which will have major implications in the international sphere. Erdogan favors a more “eastward” goal over the former “westward” outlook of the opposition. This would likely mean more strained relationships with European Union countries as well as the United States, and a preference towards countries like Russia and China.